The land of Israel-Palestine has figured large in human consciousness since the beginning of civilized life on earth. It remains central, sacred to half the peoples of the world, and the subject of strong territorial passions. Consideration of its long and intricate history, from ancient roots to the present day, is the key to grasping the challenges that confront this region. And it is the key to appraising the possible solutions. Israel-Palestine for Critical Thinkers tells the story of this land and its peoples—a story now 4,000 years old—in a clear, and concise way.